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The Canary Database
Yale Occupational and Environmental Medicine Program
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Kennel tick as Sentinel Exposure

This table summarizes studies curated in the Canary Database about the overall quality of published evidence supporting sentinels of human health hazards with respect to the exposure Kennel tick.

Empty cells indicate a lack of evidence in the data the Canary Database comprises.

Species Greater susceptibility Shorter latency Greater exposure risk Early warning
American crow      
Carpodacus mexicanus      
Corvus ossifragus      
Cyanocitta cristata      
Passer domesticus      
Pica hudsonia      
Quiscalus quiscula      
ring-billed gull      


/ - Experimental or cohort studies

/ - Case control, cross sectional, or aggregate studies

/ - Case report or expert opinion
Greater susceptibility
Species more susceptible than humans
Shorter latency
Species affected by exposure more rapidly than humans
Greater exposure risk
Species at increased risk of exposure compared with humans
Early warning
Species provided early warning of human health hazards

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