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Center for One Health Research
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Environ Health Perspect 2001 Dec;109 Suppl 6:853-61.

Wildlife as sentinels of human health effects in the Great Lakes--St. Lawrence basin.

Fox GA

Canadian Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Research Centre, Hull, Quebec, Canada. [email protected]

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Article type: Review - Canary ID: 476

Cause and Effect Analysis Interspecies susceptibility data Shared exposures with humans Shared outcomes with humans Gene sequence data
Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Exposures Water Pollutants
Outcomes Anencephaly
Anorexia
Cachexia
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Clubfoot
Dwarfism
Edema
Embryo Loss
Endocrine Diseases
Eye Abnormalities
Feminization
Gastroschisis
Goiter
Goiter, Endemic
Growth
Hermaphroditism
Hip Dislocation, Congenital
Hydrocephalus
Immunosuppression
Infant Behavior
Jaw Abnormalities
Mastitis
Maternal Behavior
Metabolic Diseases
Neoplasms
Neural Tube Defects
Ovarian Cysts
Ovarian Neoplasms
Paternal Behavior
Polydactyly
Population Density
Porphyria, Hepatic
Reproduction
Sex Ratio
Spinal Dysraphism
Survival
Variation (Genetics)
Species Ardea herodias
Bloater
Brown bullhead
Caspian tern
Chelydra serpentina
Chelydridae
Fathead minnow
Haliaeetus leucocephalus
hens and chickens
Herring gull
Human
Mink
Necturus maculosus
Nycticorax nycticorax
Phalacrocorax auritus
Salmon
Stizostedion vitreum
Tachycineta bicolor
western gull
Whales
Locations location map
Canada Canada (general) Great Lakes (lakes)
Lake Huron (lake)
Lake Ontario (lake)
Saint Lawrence River (stream)
United States Michigan Great Lakes (lake)
Michigan, Lake (lake)
Saginaw River (stream)

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