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Center for One Health Research
University of Washington

Veterinary Record. 102(2):40-1, 1978 Jan 14.

Avian botulism in winter and spring and the stability of Clostridium botulinum type C toxin.

Graham JM, Smith GR, Borland ED, MacDonald JW

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Article type: Curated - Canary ID: 2557

Cause and Effect Analysis Interspecies susceptibility data Shared exposures with humans Shared outcomes with humans Gene sequence data
Yes Yes No No No
Study type N Routes Sampling Controls Timing
descriptive 26 ingestion - - concurrent
Exposures Clostridium botulinum C2 toxin
Risk factors Seasons
Outcomes Botulism
Species Anseriformes
Herring gull
Larus ridibundus
Mallard duck
Locations location map
United Kingdom United Kingdom (general) Motherwell (populated place)

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