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Center for One Health Research
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National Institute of Animal Health Quarterly. 22(3):102-14, 1982.

Outbreaks of type C botulism in waterfowl in Japan.

Ono T, Azuma R, Kato T, Takeuchi S, Suto T

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Article type: Curated - Canary ID: 2462

Cause and Effect Analysis Interspecies susceptibility data Shared exposures with humans Shared outcomes with humans Gene sequence data
Yes Yes No No No
Study type N Routes Sampling Controls Timing
descriptive 323 ingestion - - repeated
cross sectional 231 ingestion outcome yes concurrent
experimental 7 ingestion - - -
Exposures Botulinum Toxins
Clostridium botulinum
Outcomes Botulism
Species Anas acuta
Anseriformes
Ducks
Mallard duck
Locations location map
Japan Japan (general) Arakawa River (stream)
Nakagawa (area)
Tky Nerima (populated place)

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