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Virology 1993 Jun;194(2):781-8.

Origin of the pandemic 1957 H2 influenza A virus and the persistence of its possible progenitors in the avian reservoir.

Schafer JR, Kawaoka Y, Bean WJ, Suss J, Senne D, Webster RG

St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Department of Virology/Molecular Biology, Memphis, Tennessee 38105.

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Article type: Curated - Canary ID: 1814

Cause and Effect Analysis Interspecies susceptibility data Shared exposures with humans Shared outcomes with humans Gene sequence data
Yes Yes Yes No No
Study type N Routes Sampling Controls Timing
descriptive 28 inhalation - - concurrent
cross sectional ingestion, inhalation outcome yes historical
Exposures H2N2 subtype
Influenza A Virus, Avian
Influenza A Virus, Human
Outcomes Fowl Plague
Influenza
Species Anas acuta
Chickens
Ducks
Herring gull
Human
Laridae
Mallard duck
Turkey
Locations location map
China Guizhou Guiyang (seat of a first-order administrative division)
Germany Schleswig-holstein Berlin (populated place)
Hong Kong Hong Kong (general) Hong Kong (island)
Japan Japan (general) Japan (independent political entity)
Russia Kransnodarskiy Kray Krasnodar (seat of a first-order administrative division)
Singapore Singapore (general) Singapore (independent political entity)
United Kingdom United Kingdom (general) England (area)
United States Connecticut Connecticut, State of (populated place)
Delaware Delaware, State of (populated place)
Florida Florida, State of (populated place)
Iowa Iowa, State of (populated place)
Maryland Maryland, State of (populated place)
Michigan Ann Arbor (populated place)
Minnesota Minnesota, State of (populated place)
Montana Montana, State of (populated place)
New Jersey New Jersey, State of (populated place)
New York New York, State of (populated place)
North Carolina North Carolina, State of (populated place)

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