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Center for One Health Research
University of Washington




J Wildl Dis 1994 Oct;30(4):514-22.

Use of sentinel mallards for epizootiologic studies of avian botulism.

Rocke TE, Brand CJ

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Health Research Center, Madison, Wisconsin 53711.

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Article type: Curated - Canary ID: 181

Cause and Effect Analysis Interspecies susceptibility data Shared exposures with humans Shared outcomes with humans Gene sequence data
Yes Yes Yes No No
Study type N Routes Sampling Controls Timing
experimental (mesocosm) 2318 ingestion - - -
cohort (enclosure) 1097 ingestion - yes concurrent
Exposures Botulinum Toxins
Clostridium botulinum C phage
Outcomes Botulism
Species Mallard duck
Locations location map
United States California Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge (park)

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