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Emerging Infectious Diseases. 9(6):641-6, 2003 Jun.

Dead bird clusters as an early warning system for West Nile virus activity.

Mostashari F, Kulldorff M, Hartman JJ, Miller JR, Kulasekera V

New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York 10013, USA. [email protected]

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Article type: Curated - Canary ID: 1113

Cause and Effect Analysis Interspecies susceptibility data Shared exposures with humans Shared outcomes with humans Gene sequence data
Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Study type N Routes Sampling Controls Timing
cross sectional vector, ingestion outcome yes mixed
descriptive vector - - repeated
disease model - - -
Exposures West Nile virus
Outcomes Carrier State
Death
West Nile Fever
Species Birds
Culicidae
Human
Locations location map
United States New York Brooklyn (populated place)
Manhattan, Borough of (populated place)
Queens, Borough of (populated place)
Staten Island (island)

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